We are sure you are concerned about keeping your basement dry but have problems finding a good sump pump because you do not know how to make a good sump pump selection. Have you listened to your relatives and friends and selected a pump based on their experience? Or have you gone to your local Big Box store and concluded the best pump selection is based on which pumps are on the store shelves? Sooner or later your existing sump pump will fail and you will wish you had taken more time before an emergency pump situation occurs to know how to make a wise pump selection based on your water pumping needs.
The two most important questions to consider in finding the best sump pump selection so you are prepared for those heavy rainstorms and power outages are the following:
The most important parts of a best sump pump are the switch, motor housing and impeller.
The best sump pump float switch is one that will not get hung up or caught in the sump pit, cannot get punctured, can be replaced easily and is not affected by chemicals in the water. A vertical float switch and an electronic switch are least likely to hang up. Most vertical floats are hollow; however there is one manufacturer that makes solid vertical floats." Not all electronic switches are without floats; however there are two electronic switches that use probes in place of the float and will not get hung up.
The best sump pump housing is that which will not crack under heavy usage or warp because of increased heat during long periods of continuous pumping, and will not corrode from sump pit water and its chemicals. Cast iron, stainless steel and bronze are the best material for pump motor housing. Zinc alloy and aluminum are also better than thermoplastic which rates as the poorest material to use.
The best impeller style is that which does not have a screen on the bottom that requires periodic cleaning and does not get clogged by small pebbles or debris in the pit. This best type is known as a vortex impeller. It can handle solids usually up to ¾ inch and they do not require the use of a screen.
Installing too large of a pump for the small volume of water you have in your pit during heavy rain storms is just as bad as having too small of a pump installed to handle large volumes of water during heavy downpours. Too large of a pump will cause the motor to short cycle and burn out sooner. Know how much water enters your sump pit during heavy rains. It is easy to measure. Based on the volume you can find sump pumps that can handle that amount of flow per minute.
A sump pit which is at least eighteen inches in diameter is ideal. A twenty-four inch diameter pit is best. A large pit gives you the option of installing almost any brand of sump pump. A small pit limits the pump selection options available to you. Pump manufacturers are making good narrow sump pumps today. A narrow primary pump means there is also room for a backup pump to sit on the pit floor next to the main pump.
Most pits have small pebbles and debris and if not now they probably will have such in the future; therefore to play it safe it is best to install a pump with a vortex impeller.
The vertical length of the PVC discharge pipe impacts the flow rate of water pumped from the pit, up the PVC discharge pipe, and out from the house. Each sump pump manufacturer documents the pumping capability per minute or per hour at different height levels. You must know the maximum vertical height the water must be pumped to determine which sump pumps are built to handle the water flow in and out of your pit during heavy rainstorms. Each pump has a height level at which it ceases to function.
The existence of chemicals in the basin are not visible; however certain areas of the county do naturally have more calcium carbonate than others. The most common areas where carbon carbonate concentration is higher include the southwest and states such as Dakotas, Illinois and Ohio. Electronic switches are great; however some are affected by chemicals. There is one electronic switch that is not impacted by chemicals and has all of the many advantages those type of switches offer. The next best type of switch is a vertical solid state float switch.
Do-it-yourself homeowners have several options for easy to install sump pumps and switches. To make installation easier there are many pump manufacturers who pre-assemble the discharge pipe to the main pump. Other manufacturers assemble a main pump and battery backup pump as one unit calling it a combination sump/battery pump. Most of these pre-assembled packages also include the discharge pipe so the home owner only needs to connect the discharge pipe to the homes existing discharge pipe. Before buying always check the dimensions of a preassembled sump-pump to make sure it will fit in your basin.
Installing or replacing a sump pump is not as hard as one would think. Basically all sump pumps are installed the same way even though they have different dimensions. We provide the steps for installing a Zoeller sump-pump. Check out the steps.
Some sump pumps come highly recommended by plumbers; however until the existence of online stores, consumers who wanted to buy their own pumps were limited to what was available in the big box stores. The internet offers the plumber recommended sump pumps at discounted prices. Now the home owner can buy and install highly rated sump pumps.
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